WHAT IS AN ANTI MULLERIAN HORMONE TEST?
The Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) Test is a blood test that measures the level of AMH in the blood.
AM I REQUIRED TO FAST FOR THIS LAB TEST?
WHAT IS THE PRICE OF AN ANTI MULLERIAN HORMONE (AMH) LAB TEST?
*Price may vary by location – contact your local ANY LAB TEST NOW®
The average age of menopause for American women is 52 and knowing that it’s probably a long way off has allowed women to wait to have children until their 30s or later. The problem is that some women may experience the onset of menopause as early as 35 so most women don’t know how long they can put off childbearing.
A hormone, anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), has been discovered that is directly related to a woman’s fertility (the number of a woman’s ovarian follicles) and can help to determine when a woman will begin menopause. Women showing lower levels of the hormone earlier in life tend to go through menopause at a younger age than average. Women with an increased level of AMH may be experiencing symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome (POCS).
WHY DO I NEED AN AMH LAB TEST?
Are you having trouble making the decision about when to start a family? Are you experiencing unusual symptoms such as unusual bleeding, weight gain, or amenorrhea?
Women who are determining when to attempt to become pregnant or who are considering in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment to become pregnant may want to be tested for their AMH levels. This information can help in deciding whether to start trying to become pregnant by indicating how long they may have before they enter menopause and can also be used to determine their level of fertility and how well they will respond to IVF treatment.
AMH levels can also be used to help diagnose POCS. Women experiencing symptoms of POCS should be tested to assist in a diagnosis and to be used to determine appropriate treatment. Although AMH levels cannot be used alone to diagnose POCS, higher levels frequently accompany the syndrome. POCS symptoms include unusual bleeding, amenorrhea (lack of menstrual cycle), acne, decreased breast size, enlarged ovaries, weight gain, especially in the middle of the body, and male traits such as male pattern baldness or male hair growth patterns on the face, chest, back or inner thigh. AMH levels can also be used to monitor the treatment and possible recurrence of ovarian cancer that affects AMH in the body.
Normal levels that indicate onset of menopause after age 50 are:
4.5 ng/mL or higher at age 20
3.8 ng/mL or higher at age 25
2.9 ng/mL or higher at age 30
It is normal for infants and women after menopause to have negative or very low levels of AMH.
HIGH RESULTS INDICATE:
Extremely high results may indicate POCS (polycystic ovarian syndrome).
LOW RESULTS INDICATE:
Lower results indicate an earlier onset of menopause. For example, a 20 year old woman with an AMH level of 2.8 ng/mL would be expected to start going through menopause between the age of 35 and 38. The following AMH levels may indicate early menopause (menopause that begins before the age of 45):
AMH levels of 4.1 ng/mL or less at the age of 20
AMH levels of 3.3 ng/mL or less at the age of 25
AMH levels of 2.4 ng/mL or less at the age of 30
WHAT TYPE OF PHYSICIAN SHOULD I SEE IF MY TEST RESULTS ARE ABNORMAL OR OUT-OF-RANGE?
You should see your primary care physician or gynecologist.