WHAT IS A BILIRUBIN LAB TEST?
The Bilirubin (Direct) Test measures the amount of direct (soluble) bilirubin in the blood.
AM I REQUIRED TO FAST FOR THIS LAB TEST?
WHAT IS THE PRICE FOR A BILIRUBIN DIRECT LAB TEST?
*Price may vary by location – contact your local ANY LAB TEST NOW®
Bilirubin is produced by the liver when it breaks down old red blood cells. It is found in the bile and has a brownish yellow color. Bilirubin is removed from the body in stools and produces the normal brown color of stools. If too much bilirubin is left in the body it can cause jaundice, yellow whites of the eyes and yellow skin. Diseases of the liver or blockages of the bile duct which removes bile from the liver and transports it to the small intestines are the primary causes of jaundice and high levels of bilirubin.
WHY DO I NEED A BILIRUBIN LAB TEST?
Is your skin jaundiced and are you experiencing abdominal pain, vomiting, or are you passing dark, amber-colored urine?
Jaundiced skin, along with fatigue or general malaise, pain, vomiting or dark urine may be caused by the inability of the liver to remove bilirubin from the body. This could be the result of liver disease, such as hepatitis or cirrhosis, blood disorders, or a blockage of the bile ducts (tubes) that allow bile to pass from the liver to the small intestines. Someone showing signs of abnormal liver function should be tested for bilirubin to assist in diagnosing the cause.
Some medications can cause damage to the liver so it is important to monitor bilirubin levels while taking specific medications. Long-term excessive alcohol intake, gallstones or tumors of the pancreas can also cause an increase in bilirubin levels because the liver is unable to eliminate bile to the small intestines. Sickle Cell Anemia could be another cause due to the short life and rapid break down of red blood cells.
0.0-0.2 mg/dL or 0.0-3.4 mmol/L
HIGH RESULTS INDICATE:
High results may indicate alcoholic liver disease (cirrhosis), hepatitis, gallstones, tumors or Sickle Cell Anemia.
LOW RESULTS INDICATE:
Low results are not a medical concern.
WHAT TYPE OF PHYSICIAN SHOULD I SEE IF MY TEST RESULTS ARE OUT-OF-RANGE?
If your results are abnormal or out-of-range, you should see your primary care physician.
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